Authors: Ashley M. Abraham, Marissa L. Donahue, MA, Danielle E. Jake-Schoffman, PhD
Faculty Mentor: Danielle E. Jake-Schoffman, PhD
College: College of Health and Human Performance
In 2017, 67.8% of drug overdose deaths in the US involved opioids. Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) can be effective for adults with opioid dependence, though it has shortcomings. New research investigates the role of adjunctive treatments, such as physical activity (PA) to aid in the success of MMT. As our lab is designing a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to test a PA intervention for adults in MMT, we need to learn about successful control groups for this setting. This study aimed to describe health promotion control groups used in PA interventions for opioid dependent adults. A structured search was conducted in PubMed for peer-reviewed manuscripts published between 2015 and 2019. Search terms were “physical activity”, “exercise”, “walking”, “opioid”, “opioid abuse”, “opioid maintenance treatment”, “methadone abuse”, and “methadone maintenance treatment”. We identified 79 manuscripts; all were excluded after full text review. Manuscripts were excluded if they included a non-opioid dependent sample (n = 43) or did not include a PA intervention (n =36). Few RCTs have investigated PA as an adjunctive treatment to MMT, and control groups are understudied. Our future research will explore control groups used for PA interventions for the treatment of other substance dependencies.