Baseline Protective Behavioral Strategies' Effect on Motivational Interventions Surrounding College Sporting Event Alcohol Consumption
Julia Garcia, Ambreen Imran, and Derek Pena
Authors: Julia Garcia, Ambreen Imran, Derek Pena
Faculty Mentor: Robert Leeman
College: College of Health and Human Performance
Background: Interventions are a promising method to counteract college alcohol misuse. Protective behavioral strategies (PBS), such as limiting the speed of alcohol consumption, are effective in minimizing risks associated with alcohol misuse. Baseline PBS use is a strong indicator of intervention effectiveness. This study’s intervention attempts to influence students’ motivation to change hazardous drinking behaviors. Methods: Participants provide data regarding PBS use and motivation to change their alcohol consumption via self-reported online surveys at various times surrounding university athletic events (i.e., before and immediately after games, the following morning and evening, one week later, and one, three, and six months later). Participants are then randomized to a control or intervention, the latter providing personalized feedback regarding alcohol consumption. Anticipated Results: The intervention will increase student’s motivation to lower their alcohol consumption, leading to a decrease in alcohol misuse. In comparison to other students, those with higher baseline PBS will experience a larger decrease in alcohol misuse after intervention. Conclusion: Our data will indicate a strong association between baseline PBS and safe drinking habits among college students. Alcohol misuse has severe social, physical, and emotional consequences. Interventions increase motivation to develop safe habits by empowering targeted individuals.
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