Authors: Kayla Elliott, Isidro Jiminez, Dany Fanfan, PhD, RN, Jeanne-Marie R. Stacciarini PhD, RN, FAAN
Faculty Mentor: Jeanne-Marie R. Stacciarini PhD, RN, FAAN
College: College of Nursing
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Questioning/Queer and other gender diverse (LGBTQ+) youth face many challenges as compared to their Cisgender- Heterosexual counterparts. The current review of literature’s aims are to: 1) Describe the protective factors and stressors related to mental wellbeing in rural adolescents who identify as members of the LGBTQ+ community and 2) Describe the mental health issues commonly reported by rural adolescents who identify as members of the LGBTQ+ community. This is a scoping review of literature, which utilized PubMed, CINHAL and Psych Info databases; reviewing articles about mental wellbeing of LGBTQ+ rural adolescents. In addition, all reference lists were checked. Articles were published in English, in the last ten years. They were then critically appraised using the social ecological model. This review is still ongoing. The major themes are being analyzed as Protective and Risk factors for mental health. Main categories have included protective factors and stressors related to the individual, family, school and community. The mental health issue most commonly reported by rural LGBTQ+ adolescents is depression. The literature also described an increased risk for self-harm and suicidality in rural LGBTQ+ adolescent populations. There is limited research looking specifically at the mental wellbeing of rural LGBTQ+ adolescent populations.