Social Feeding and its Impacts on Mouthpart Development

Kayli Sieber

Authors:  Kayli R. Sieber, Sara Zlotnik, Christine W. Miller

Faculty Mentor:  Christine W. Miller

College:  College of Agricultural and Life Sciences

Abstract

Juvenile animals are often less successful in acquiring nutrition than adults as their feeding traits are still developing. Furthermore, in most animal species, adults do not provide food to their offspring, and therefore, juveniles must compete with adults for food. Developmental plasticity in feeding traits may be an important adaptation promoting juvenile survival in competitive environments, but social impacts on feeding morphology have rarely been investigated. Here we examine how adult presence affects morphological development in the leaf-footed cactus bug Narnia femorata (Hemiptera: Coreidae). Juveniles of this species are limited in their feeding potential as their piercing-sucking mouthparts are shorter than those of adults, but whether feeding near adults can impact their developing mouthparts is unknown. To investigate this, we raised juveniles in groups containing either an unrelated adult or no adult. Juveniles reared with an adult nearby developed longer mouthparts relative to their body size than those raised without adults. This suggests that plasticity in mouthpart length is a potential adaptation that juveniles use to compete effectively with larger adults. Our study aids in our understanding of animal development and the strategies used by juvenile animals to overcome environmental challenges.

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Daniela
Daniela (@guest_738)
1 year ago

Great job Kayli! Super cool research!

Dr. Miller
Dr. Miller (@guest_844)
1 year ago

Excellent job! Such nice research and a great presentation. Can’t wait to hear about your graduate research in the future!

Dr. Michael Forthman
Dr. Michael Forthman (@guest_2754)
1 year ago

This was a great presentation Kayli and cool research topic! Congrats =)

Caroline Miller
Caroline Miller (@guest_3072)
1 year ago

Hi Kayli,

First, this was an excellent presentation and I really like your poster! I think the results of your research are particularly interesting as there was no effect on body size. However, upon further examination, the trait that is directly affected by the introduction of an adult is the rostrum length, which as you mention is a more plastic trait when compared to body size. I think it’s intriguing how social feeding induces some “healthy” competition for juveniles, as the longer rostrum lengths most certainly (I would think) assist and/or be advantageous for juveniles throughout their life (compared to having a shorter one). Your research really got me thinking! Great job!

Dr Ginny Greenway
Dr Ginny Greenway (@guest_3836)
1 year ago

Nice work Kayli!

Emily Angelis
Emily Angelis (@guest_4150)
1 year ago

Great job, it is really cool seeing the final version!

Sara Zlotnik
Sara Zlotnik (@guest_4862)
1 year ago

Hi Kayli, that was a great presentation video! It was super clear and concise and very well explained!

Kayli Sieber
Kayli Sieber (@guest_4994)
1 year ago

Thank you everyone for the kind comments!

Allen Wysocki - Associate Dean CALS
Allen Wysocki - Associate Dean CALS (@guest_7432)
1 year ago

Kayli:
Well done on the presentation. I appreciated how you referred the audience to the poster, The poster was very well laid out and informative.

Doc W