Contrary to the realist paradigm, “power” is more diverse and complex than just security and defense policy. This is especially true for the EU, as the mass of its international influence derives from economic power rather than military power. Leveraging its weight as the globe’s wealthiest economy, the EU engages economic instruments to project a variety of foreign policy ambitions. Despite such instruments falling under the purview of the Ordinary Legislative Procedure (OLP), discussions of EU international influence still orbit around the Commission and Council while excluding the European Parliament (EP).
To fill this gap, this project examines the ability of the EP to shape EU external policy. This project is motivated by a desire to challenge the predominance of the realist view that EU external affairs are a solely intergovernmental, unicameral institution. By broadening the political and institutional landscape, this research aims to provide an academic framework for understanding how the “institutional DNA” of the EU’s foreign policy regime features a robust supranational element.