A study of the last ten years of Saddam Hussein’s rule, beginning with the aftermath of the First Gulf War in 1993 and ending with his capture by U.S. forces in 2003. The research focuses on the methods and means by which Hussein’s Ba’ath Party exerted its authority over Iraq in the context of Kurdish dissent, Shi’a uprisings, and UN sanctions. How were control methods enacted by the party leadership and how were they received by the people? How did Iraq change or stagnate under the heel of UN scrutiny? How can we see the consequences of Hussein’s policies in our contemporary Iraq?