Relationships Between Adolescent Alcohol Use and Gender, Urbanicity, and Family Profiles: An Exploratory Analysis
CURE: An Ounce of Prevention: Relationships Between Adolescent Alcohol Use and Gender, Urbanicity, and Family Profiles: An Exploratory Analysis
Jared Craig, Isabelle Addison, Maya Fives
Ph.D., CFLE, Jennifer Doty
College of Agricultural and Life Sciences
Substance use among U.S. adolescents presents a worrisome problem to health experts, especially considering its demographic implications. Examining past literature, youth in rural areas are more likely to consume alcohol than youth in urban areas (Rhew, Hawkins, & Oesterle, 2011), and while males were thought to consume alcohol at much higher levels than females, data now suggests the gap is narrowing between genders (McHugh et al., 2018). This is concerning since alcohol consumption in youth correlates to higher risk of use in adulthood and risk of impaired development (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2010). In our data analysis, we examined the relationship between alcohol consumption and urbanicity by school districts, gender, and by family latent classes. The youth data is from the 2019 Florida Youth Substance Abuse Survey, which is administered to youth ages 11-18 in Florida middle and high schools (N = 8584). The family latent classes were identified in a previous latent class analysis: High Family Conflict, Prosocial Parental Control, Prosocial Parental Supervision, and Uninvolved Parenting. Chi-square tests of association were conducted to determine if there were associations between the variables and lifetime alcohol use. Preliminary results indicate that females reported higher alcohol use than males. Additionally, Prosocial Parental Supervision had the highest percentage of lifetime alcohol use, with Uninvolved Parenting at the lowest. Moreover, we found that contrary to prior indications, suburban participants were more likely to have used alcohol in their lifetime when compared with their peers of other urbanicity levels.
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