Mel Mallard

Mel Mallard

Language Typologies and Attentional Control: Evidence from the Global Local Task

Authors

Eleonora Rossi, Megan Nakamura, Antonio Iniesta, Mel Mallard

Mentor

Dr. Eleonora Rossi

College

College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate how processing different languages may impact task performance on a measure of cognitive control. To disentangle the reason for differential processing depending on the degree of transparency the Psychological Grain Size Theory (Ziegler & Goswami, 2005) introduces the concept of the so-called granularity. That is, opaque orthographies based mostly on lexical knowledge can be considered coarse grain orthographic coding, including words rather than letters. On the one hand, transparent orthographies based mostly on phoneme by phoneme processing can be considered fine grain orthographic coding, dependent on smaller processing windows closer to phoneme (Grainger & Ziegler, 2011). In other words, different languages may rely on different cognitive mechanisms to process language and this in turn may have domain general effect on aspects of cognition, such as, visual attention control (Grainger & Ziegler, 2011). The main objective of this study is to explore the cross-linguistic effect of the different processing depending on the degree of transparency in the visual attention patterns (Psychological Grain Size Theory; Ziegler & Goswami, 2005). To test this, we will utilize the Global-Local Task (Navon, 1977).

Poster

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Research Pitch

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